International Tracking of Sex Offenders
When the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) was enacted and its Final Guidelines were published, the U.S. Department of Justice was tasked with creating a tracking system for sex offenders who depart and reenter the United States. To that end, the SMART Office created the International Tracking of Sex Offenders Working Group in 2008, which has been working to enable appropriate information sharing about sex offenders who either intend to travel or are travelling internationally. This proposed system is outlined in the International Tracking of Sex Offenders Working Group White Paper, which was made available to Congress in December 2010.
Notification of International Travel
SORNA, as augmented by the Attorney General Guidelines for Sex Offender Registration and Notification, requires that a registrant inform his or her residence jurisdiction of any intended travel outside of the United States at least 21 days prior to that travel. Information about such intended travel is specifically required to be transmitted to the U.S. Marshals Service.
Jurisdictions are strongly encouraged to make this notification by way of the Notification of International Travel Form via the SORNA Exchange Portal or may be directly submitted to the U.S. Marshals Service National Sex Offender Targeting Center (USMS-NSOTC) at IOD.NSOTC@usdoj.gov, with a subject line of “Sex Offender Travel Notification.” Once a notification is made, USMS-NSOTC will provide the information to INTERPOL Washington, which will communicate the information to law enforcement partners at the intended foreign destinations of travel.
Jurisdictions must collect specific information regarding a registered sex offender’s intended international travel. Please see Information Required for Notice of International Travel.